1. Health

Treating Sleep Disorders

General information about how sleep disorders are treated, including how to get the most out of your encounter with your doctor, treatment options (medicines, machines, lifestyle changes, and alternatives), risks and limitations, and new treatments and recent advances in therapy.


What is CPAP
For nearly everyone who has been diagnosed with sleep apnea, the conversation quickly turns to possible treatment options. The most commonly used one is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), but what is CPAP? Take a moment to learn about the basic components of CPAP.

What is BiPAP?
In some settings, it may be advantageous to use an alternative to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) called bilevel or BiPAP. What is BiPAP and when is it most often used?

Rozerem for Insomnia Treatment
Learn what rozerem is, including its use in the treatment of insomnia. This article describes its indications for use, how it may work, who should not use it, what the potential side effects are, and what safety monitoring should occur.

Provigil as Treatment for Excessive Daytime Sleepiness
Learn what provigil is, including its use in the treatment of excessive daytime sleepiness. This article describes its indications for use, how it may work, who should not use it, what the potential side effects are, and what safety monitoring should occur.

Diphenhydramine for Insomnia Treatment
Learn what diphenhydramine is, including its use in the treatment of insomnia. This article describes its indications for use, how it may work, who should not use it, what the potential side effects are, and what safety monitoring should occur.

Nuvigil as Treatment for Excessive Daytime Sleepiness
Learn what nuvigil is, including its use in the treatment of excessive daytime sleepiness. This article describes its indications for use, who should not use it, what the potential side effects are, and what safety monitoring should occur.

Caffeine Benefits
Millions of us couldn’t survive without our morning cup of coffee, and it is clear that caffeine benefits include improved attentiveness and counteracting the effects of poor sleep. Caffeine is the most commonly used stimulant in the world, but what exactly is it?

Caffeine Withdrawal
Caffeine use may be just the thing you need to get through your day, but it can also have significant adverse consequences and disrupt your sleep. The use of caffeine may cause short-term problems. Moreover, if you have used it chronically, an abrupt discontinuation may cause you discomfort as you suffer from withdrawal. Learn about this...

Treatment for Circadian Rhythm Insomnia
For those who suffer from circadian rhythm insomnia, as may occur in advanced or delayed sleep phase syndrome, the use of light and behavioral therapy may be helpful. Learn more about these options.

Sleep Restriction is an Effective Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia
Sleep restriction, a behavioral therapy, may be just the treatment you need to fix your insomnia. Learn about how spending too much time in bed may be ruining your sleep. Then follow a few simple steps to correct it.

Silenor for Insomnia Treatment
Learn what Silenor is, including its use in the treatment of insomnia. This article describes its indications for use, how it may work, who should not use it, what the potential side effects are, and what safety monitoring should occur.

How to Choose a CPAP Mask
For those who have been diagnosed with sleep apnea, the next step will be to establish treatment, and if this includes continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) you may wonder how to choose a CPAP mask. The options available to you are numerous, but before becoming overwhelmed you can follow a few simple guidelines.

How to Prevent Mouth Breathing on CPAP
Some people who use continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to treat their sleep apnea have great difficulties with mouth breathing, but there are multiple fixes that may be helpful in preventing mouth breathing with CPAP.

Should I Use a Chinstrap with My CPAP?
If you use a CPAP machine to treat your sleep apnea, you may have problems with mouth breathing that may need to be corrected with the use of a chinstrap. Learn what a chinstrap is and whether or not you should use one.

How Can I Adjust My Sleep Schedule to Work Night Shifts?
Whether it is working in a hospital setting, as a night manager at a hotel, in a 24-hour convenience store, or at a late-night diner, there are countless professions that may keep you at work overnight. These night shifts can be hard on the body, and if you don't adjust your sleep schedule adequately you may quickly find yourself suffering from...

Lunesta Effective for Insomnia Treatment
Learn what Lunesta is, including its use in the treatment of insomnia. This article describes its indications for use, how it works, who should not use it, what the potential side effects are, and what safety monitoring should occur.

Sonata Helpful to Initiate Sleep
Learn what Sonata is, including its use in the treatment of insomnia. This article describes its indications for use, how it works, who should not use it, what the potential side effects are, and what safety monitoring should occur.

Encouraging CPAP Compliance May Begin By Tracking Its Use
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is a highly effective treatment for sleep apnea. It is not tolerated by everyone, and early compliance predicts long-term use. Learn how newer models of CPAP can monitor and record your compliance.

Trazodone For Insomnia
Learn what Trazodone is, including its use in the treatment of insomnia. This article describes its indications for use, how it works, who should not use it, what the potential side effects are, and what safety monitoring should occur.

Ambien: Insomnia Treatment Option
Learn what Ambien is, including its use in the treatment of insomnia. This article describes its indications for use, how it works, who should not use it, what the potential side effects are, and what safety monitoring should occur.

Treating Insomnia with the Use of Aromatherapy
Just as many good sleep habits relate to establishing a routine of familiarity, it may be possible to incorporate aromatherapy into your bedtime ritual to help treat insomnia.

Treatment of Sleep Disorders
Learn about some of the general treatments available for various sleep disorders.

How Have You Learned to Better Tolerate Your CPAP?
It is not uncommon to have troubles tolerating continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) when you first start using it. Share your experiences on how you managed to overcome the problems tolerating your CPAP to treat your sleep apnea.

How Can I Treat Jet Lag?
Learn several ways to counter your circadian rhythm and treat jet lag, including: the use of melatonin, light box therapy, or shifting your sleep pattern before you leave.

Surgery Options for Obstructive Sleep Apnea
For those who are unable to tolerate continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to treat their obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), what surgery options exist? There are a handful of surgical options, but they may be of limited effectiveness and may not be for everyone.

Ritalin Can Be Used as Sleep Disorder Treatment
Learn what Ritalin is, including its use in the treatment of ADHD, narcolepsy, and chronic fatigue syndrome. This article describes its history, the indications for use, how it works, how the body processes it, who should not use it, what the potential side effects are, and what safety monitoring should occur.

How to Clean CPAP
Learn the step-by-step process for cleaning and maintaining your CPAP equipment.

Learning to Play the Didgeridoo May Alternatively Treat Sleep Apnea
The most common treatment of sleep apnea is CPAP, but it may not be tolerated by everyone. For those with moderate disease, researchers describe an alternative: learning the circular breathing technique needed to play an aboriginal musical instrument called the didgeridoo.

Common Treatments of Sleep Disorders
The American Academy of Sleep Medicine provides a wealth of information about some of the more common treatment options for various sleep disorders. This is a fantastic resource!

Introduction to Melatonin
The American Academy of Family Physicians provides a brief description of the issues surrounding the use of melatonin.

FDA's Side Effects of Sleep Drugs
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) describes some of the more common side effects of sleep drugs.

Choosing a CPAP
The American Sleep Apnea Association provides some guidance on how to choose a Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) machine for the treatment of sleep apnea.

Learning to Live with CPAP
This article answers more than a dozen of the most common questions associated with using CPAP to treat sleep apnea.

What is Melatonin
Melatonin is a naturally occurring hormone that may be effective in treating some sleep problems including jet lag, insomnia, and circadian rhythm sleep disorders.

Treatment of RLS
Treatment of restless legs syndrome (RLS) depends somewhat on the frequency of symptoms and there are many options, including medications as well as lifestyle changes. Learn about some of these options.

Treatment of Sleep Apnea
What are the available treatment options for sleep apnea and what is the best option for me? What is CPAP and how does it work? Are there other options besides CPAP? What are the benefits of treatment?

Estazolam for Insomnia Treatment
Learn what estazolam is, including its use in the treatment of insomnia. This article describes its indications for use, how it may work, who should not use it, what the potential side effects are, and what safety monitoring should occur.

Restoril for Insomnia Treatment
Learn what restoril is, including its use in the treatment of insomnia. This article describes its indications for use, how it may work, who should not use it, what the potential side effects are, and what safety monitoring should occur.

Halcion for Insomnia Treatment
Learn what halcion is, including its use in the treatment of insomnia. This article describes its indications for use, how it may work, who should not use it, what the potential side effects are, and what safety monitoring should occur.

What Are Nasal Pillows?
If you have been diagnosed with sleep apnea and advised to use CPAP, you may be overwhelmed about how to choose a mask and be left wondering: what are nasal pillows? This style of CPAP mask may be just the interface you need to overcome certain problems tolerating CPAP, such as claustrophobia and air leaks.

Mirapex Treats Restless Legs Syndrome
Learn what Mirapex is, including its use in the treatment of restless legs syndrome. This article describes its indications for use, how it may work, who should not use it, what the potential side effects are, and what safety monitoring should occur.

Requip as Restless Legs Syndrome Treatment
Learn what Requip is, including its use in the treatment of restless legs syndrome (RLS). This article describes its indications for use, how it may work, who should not use it, what the potential side effects are, and what safety monitoring should occur.

What CPAP Mask Do You Prefer
If you have been diagnosed with sleep apnea, you have likely been prescribed continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and may have found a mask that you prefer. Describe why you prefer your CPAP mask or read about the preferences of others.

Symptoms and Treatment of Bed Bugs
If bed bugs have invaded your sleeping space you may want to learn how to treat their bites and, more importantly, how to get rid of them. The elimination of bed bugs may be difficult, however, and you may discover that it might not be worth it.

Treatment of Bed Bugs
If bed bugs have invaded your sleeping space you may want to learn how to treat their bites and, more importantly, how to get rid of them. The elimination of bed bugs may be difficult, however, and you may discover that it might not be worth it.

Gabapentin Can Treat RLS Symptoms
Learn about the prescription medication gabapentin, sold under the brand name Neurontin, which can effectively treat the uncomfortable sensations that occur in restless legs syndrome (RLS).

How to Choose a Light Box
If you have decided to pursue phototherapy to treat your circadian rhythm disorder or seasonal affective disorder (SAD), you may question how to choose a light box. There are several important factors to consider, including safety features, technical specifications, and cost.

Light Box Choices - What Light Box Did You Choose and Why
If you have purchased a light box for phototherapy to treat your circadian rhythm disorder or seasonal affective disorder (SAD), you likely made the selection after careful consideration. Which light box did you choose? What features or options did you look for? How much did it cost? What do you wish you had considered before purchasing it?...

What is Light Box Therapy?
If you suffer from one of the circadian rhythm disorders, including seasonal affective disorder, you may wonder: what is light box therapy? This unique, non-pharmacological treatment is sometimes called phototherapy and may be just what you need to sleep better and feel more alert during the day. Learn more about it.

Alternative Treatments to Light Box Phototherapy
Some people are unable to tolerate phototherapy with a light box because of its side effects or simply cannot afford them. If you suffer from circadian rhythm disorders or seasonal affective disorder (SAD), you may still need to find an acceptable treatment. Fortunately, there are alternative treatments to light box phototherapy.

Side Effects from Light Box Therapy
p If you have been advised to use a a href="http://sleepdisorders.about.com/od/sleepdisorderstreatment/a/What-Is-Light-Box-Therapy.htm" light box /a to treat your circadian rhythm disorder or seasonal affective disorder (SAD), you may wonder if there are any potential side effects with light box therapy. Fortunately, there are very few side...

The Diagnosis of Nightmares and Nightmare Treatments
If you suffer from nightmares, you no doubt wonder how to diagnose their cause -- and what nightmare treatments may be available. Learn more about these options.

Prazosin Treats Nightmares in PTSD
The prescription medication prazosin -- sold under the brand name of Minipress -- is a prescribed drug used to treat nightmares in the setting of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Learn more about this medication.

Oxygen Therapy in Sleep Apnea
It is not infrequent for oxygen therapy to be used in sleep apnea, especially when concern for the disorder is first raised, but should oxygen be used to treat the condition? Sleep apnea is the most common cause of sleep-disordered breathing, but in some settings oxygen use may actually do more harm than good. Learn more about this.

Sleep Aid - What Over-the-Counter Sleep Aids Have You Tried
Sleep Scents - What Scents Help You Sleep

Imipramine Treats Bedwetting in Children
The prescription medication imipramine -- sold under the brand name Tofranil -- is a drug that treats enuresis, or bedwetting, in children. Learn more about imipramine.

Xyrem for Narcolepsy Treatment
The pharmaceutical drug sodium oxybate or gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB) -- sold under the brand name of Xyrem -- is a prescription medication that can treat the excessive daytime sleepiness and cataplexy associated with narcolepsy. Learn more about Xyrem.

Behavioral Treatments Can Effectively Treat Bedwetting
Bedwetting, or sleep enuresis, is a common condition that persists into childhood for many children. For parents who are hesitant to use medications, there are a number of behavioral treatments available that can effectively treat bedwetting. Learn more about the options.

Bladder Training as Bedwetting Treatment
Bladder training is a behavioral treatment that may be effective in eliminating bedwetting (or enuresis). Bladder training seeks to increase the capacity of the bladder in children and reduce the chance of accidents overnight.

Desmopressin to Treat Bedwetting
The prescription medication desmopressin (sometimes called DDAVP) is a drug that mimics a naturally occurring hormone in the body and is used to treat nocturnal enuresis, or bedwetting, and other conditions.

Fluid Management Can Treat Bedwetting
If your child has a problem with bedwetting, or enuresis, it might be due to the amount of fluids that they are drinking, especially late in the day. In this scenario, fluid management might be helpful in treating the bedwetting.

Motivational Therapy to Treat Bedwetting
One of the behavioral treatments that may be effective in treating bedwetting, or enuresis, motivational therapy is a bedwetting solution for committed children and parents. Learn more about motivational therapy for bedwetting.

Bed Wetting Help - How Did You Help Your Child Stop Wetting the Bed
Stopping bed wetting can be one of the most trying struggles in parenting younger children. Share your frustrations with others and learn from the experiences and techniques of those parents who have succeeded.

How Weight Loss May Improve Your Sleep
You probably recognize if you need to lose some weight, but how might weight loss improve your sleep? And how much weight do you need to lose? From snoring to sleep apnea, weight loss can have significant benefits and lead to better rest.

Bedwetting Alarms Can Effectively Treat Bedwetting
Bedwetting alarms may be the most effective long-term behavioral therapy for bedwetting. Bedwetting alarms work through a response called conditioning, and they may be best employed in motivated children.

Should Weight Loss Medications Be Used in Sleep Apnea?
If you have sleep apnea due to excessive weight, you may question whether weight loss medications might be helpful for your condition. Learn whether this option will improve your sleep disorder.

The Use of Decongestants and Nasal Steroids in Snoring
There are various causes of snoring, and one of the most common is nasal congestion. In this situation, the use of decongestants and nasal steroids may be helpful in alleviating snoring. Learn more about these options.

How Do Nasal Dilators Improve Snoring?
If you are looking for ways to stop snoring, you may be interested in learning how nasal dilators may help improve your breathing during sleep.

Weight Loss Through Bariatric Surgery Might Improve Sleep Apnea
If the cause of your obstructive sleep apnea relates to excessive weight, including morbid obesity, weight loss through bariatric surgery may be able to improve your sleep problem.

Oral Appliances for Snoring and Sleep Apnea
For individuals who suffer from snoring or sleep apnea, one possible treatment is the use of various oral appliances.

What Is Valerian and How Does it Affect Sleep?
If you are interested in learning about alternative medicines that may help with your insomnia, you may wish to learn what valerian is and how it might affect your sleep.

Pillar Procedure May Improve Snoring with Palatal Implants
Snoring often results when the tissue in the nose, throat, or soft palate at the back of the mouth vibrates as air passes. One possible solution would logically involve stabilizing these tissues to reduce the vibration. The pillar procedure attempts to do just that. Learn more about this treatment option.

What Is the Treatment for Sleep Deprivation?
If you are not sleeping enough and are enduring the effects of sleep deprivation, you might be interested in learning some of the treatment options available for this condition. Learn 10 treatments that might improve your symptoms from sleep deprivation.

What Is Augmentation in Restless Legs Syndrome
For those who experience the nagging symptoms of restless legs syndrome (RLS), treatment with a handful of medications can be a godsend, yet sometimes these can cause a phenomenon called augmentation. What is augmentation in RLS and how can it be addressed?

Insomnia Treatment Option: Rozerem
If you have insomnia and are looking for an alternative prescription medication that works on the body’s natural sleep hormone called melatonin, you may be interested in learning about Rozerem. How is Rozerem different from other sleeping pills? What are some of the common side effects of using Rozerem? Learn the answers with the help of...

Insomnia Treatment Option: Phototherapy
You may have heard others talk about using a light box to treat their sleep disorders, but what is a light box and what conditions respond best to light therapy? Are there alternatives to purchasing an expensive light box? Learn the answers with the help of UpToDate, a resource for health care providers and patients alike.

Insomnia Treatment Option: Relaxation and Biofeedback
Difficulty falling or staying asleep, cardinal symptoms of insomnia, may respond to relaxation and biofeedback techniques. Before turning to sleeping pills, explore whether these methods might help you to sleep better. What is the best method for relaxation? How does biofeedback work? Learn the answers with the help of UpToDate, a resource for...

Insomnia Treatment Option: Stimulus Control
Insomnia may be difficult to tolerate and if you aren’t interested in taking sleeping pills, you may be seeking other treatment options. Difficulty falling or staying asleep can be overcome with behavioral treatment options, including something called stimulus control therapy. What is stimulus control therapy? How does it relate to general...

Insomnia Treatment Option: Benzodiazepine Medications
If you suffer from a chronic difficulty falling or staying asleep, you may be interested in learning about the use of sleeping pills to treat your insomnia. One class of prescription medications used to induce sleep is the benzodiazepines. What are benzodiazepines? What medications are included in this category? Who should not use benzodiazepine...

Insomnia Treatment Option: Nonbenzodiazepine Medications
For those who have difficulty sleeping due to insomnia, there may come a point when you are interested in investigating the use of sleeping pills to treat your condition. There are two major classes of prescription medication for sleep: benzodiazepines and nonbenzodiazepines. What are nonbenzodiazepines? What medications are included in this...

Insomnia Treatment Option: Melatonin
Melatonin is a popular supplement used to treat difficulties sleeping, but what are the actual conditions for which it might be helpful? How is melatonin made in the body and what should you consider if you take it in a supplement form? Learn the answers with the help of UpToDate, a resource for health care providers and patients alike.

How Is Restless Legs Syndrome Treated?
If you find yourself experiencing symptoms of restless legs syndrome (RLS), you may be interested in learning about your treatment options. How is restless legs treated? Are there daytime activities that might improve your RLS symptoms? What are the prescription medications that are used to treat restless legs? Learn the answers with the help of...

Insomnia Treatment Option: Chronotherapy
If you are having trouble falling asleep at your desired bedtime, a common symptom of insomnia, what role could a treatment called chronotherapy have? How is chronotherapy done? Where is the best place to undergo chronotherapy? Learn the answers with the help of UpToDate, a resource for health care providers and patients alike.

Alternative Insomnia Treatments
If you suffer from difficulties sleeping that are characteristic of insomnia, you may be interested in learning about some alternative treatment options. What alternative treatments for insomnia are available? Are over-the-counter supplements like valerian root effective? What role does aromatherapy have in treating insomnia? Are any of the...

Insomnia Treatment Option: Cognitive Therapy
Prolonged insomnia may seem likely to unravel your very sanity, but when should you actually seek therapy as a treatment option? How can the anxiety associated with insomnia become self-destructive? Are there other behavioral changes that can improve your insomnia? What is the difference between cognitive therapy and cognitive behavioral...

Insomnia Treatment Option: Sleep Restriction
For those who suffer from the sometimes self-perpetuating ailment of insomnia, it might be helpful to finally break this cycle through a treatment called sleep restriction. What is sleep restriction? How does sleep restriction break the cycle of insomnia? What are the steps needed to restrict your sleep? Learn the answers with the help of...

What Is a Neti Pot?
What is a neti pot?

How to Take Melatonin
How should I take melatonin?

How Is Sleep Paralysis Treated?
Sleep paralysis is a frightening experience. It may leave you seeking a treatment. How is sleep paralysis treated? Learn how to prevent these episodes with simple lifestyle changes or even medication.

Intermezzo Sleeping Pill Targets Middle-of-the-Night Awakenings
Intermezzo is the first sleeping pill designed to target middle-of-the-night awakenings without adverse morning side effects. What are the uses of this medication, how does Intermezzo work, and what are common or serious side effects? Learn more about the sleep aid called Intermezzo and whether it is the right prescription drug to treat your...

Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulator for Treating Sleep Apnea
If you wish to pursue a surgical treatment option for your obstructive sleep apnea, you may be interested in learning about the use of a hypoglossal nerve stimulator. How does the hypoglossal nerve stimulator work? Learn about how this surgically implanted device can treat your sleep apnea.

Tongue Stabilizing Device for Treating Sleep Apnea
If you have difficulty treating your obstructive sleep apnea with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), you may be seeking other options. Learn about an alternative oral appliance called a tongue stabilizing device and how this might help treat your sleep apnea.

Can Ambien Affect Your Memory?
Can Ambien affect your memory? How might this common treatment for insomnia cause amnesia? Learn about this side effect and some of the consequences that might result.

What Is Paradoxical Intention?
For those suffering from difficulty falling asleep as part of chronic insomnia, the behavioral treatment option called paradoxical intention may be appealing. What is paradoxical intention? How might it help you to fall asleep?

Melatonin Can Treat REM Behavior Disorder
Melatonin is a commonly used over-the-counter supplement that may aid sleep. Does it have a role in the treatment of REM behavior disorder (RBD)? Learn how melatonin may in fact reduce the dream enactment that characterizes this condition.

Treatment of Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome
Learn about the treatment of obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS), including the importance of weight loss and the role of breathing support with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or bilevel. Also consider the potential role of surgery, including gastric bypass surgery and tracheostomy.

What Is a Sleeping Wedge Pillow?
What is a sleeping wedge pillow? Learn how a specially shaped pillow might help you if you have symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea or heartburn. Though it might be useful in adults, discover why a sleeping wedge may not be appropriate to use with infants.

What Is the Gecko Nasal Pad?
What is the Gecko Nasal Pad?

What Is Myofunctional Therapy?
What is myofunctional therapy? Muscle weakness or poor positioning of the tongue may lead to teeth and sleep problems, including snoring and sleep apnea. Learn about strengthening exercises that may help address these issues, especially in children.

How Does the Winx Sleep Therapy System Treat Sleep Apnea?
How does the Winx Sleep Therapy System treat sleep apnea?

Sleeping Medications in Pregnancy
It can sometimes be difficult to sleep during pregnancy, whether due to insomnia, restless legs syndrome (RLS), narcolepsy, or behaviors called parasomnias. Are there safe medications to take while pregnant? Review the safety guidelines and a list of medications that you and your doctor might consider to treat your sleep problems during pregnancy.

Getting and Using an Oral Appliance for Sleep Apnea
What is the experience like for getting and using an oral appliance to treat sleep apnea or snoring? What do you need know to find an effective option? What side effects should be avoided? Learn about getting and using an oral appliance.

Caffeine Is No Substitute for Sleep
Without getting adequate sleep to meet your sleep needs, you may be seeking a substitute for this shuteye. Can caffeine replace the sleep you lost? How does caffeine affect sleepiness? Consider the role of caffeine in improving alertness and why it may not suffice as a substitute for sleep.

How to Avoid Moisture in CPAP Tubing
If you use a heated humidifer with your continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to treat your sleep apnea, you may notice that water sometimes collects in your CPAP tubing. How can you avoid this unwanted moisture? Learn changes that you can make to reduce the chance of water splashing in your face when you use your CPAP, including options...

Palate Procedures for OSA Include Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty
Palate Procedures for OSA Include Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty

How Is Maxillofacial Jaw Surgery Used to Treat Sleep Apnea?
Maxillofacial jaw surgery is a treatment used to correct a misaligned bite, but it can also effectively treat obstructive sleep apnea. Learn how advancing the jaws forward may treat this abnormal breathing condition that affects sleep. Review some of the potential risks associated with the treatment and decide whether it is a surgical option you...

Sleep Apnea Surgery Options Include Hypopharyngeal Procedures
Obstructive sleep apnea may be treated with surgery involving the tongue. These hypopharyngeal procedures include multiple options: tongue radiofrequency, genioglossus advancement, tongue stabilization, partial glossectomy, and hyoid suspension. Learn about these surgeries and some of the most common associated risks.

How to Treat Restless Legs with Iron Supplements
If low iron levels are causing your restless legs syndrome (RLS), you may be interested in learning how to treat restless legs with iron supplements. Iron deficiency may be corrected with over-the-counter iron supplements or by changing your diet to include iron-rich foods. Learn how to use iron to help treat this common sleep disorder that...

Flonase Nasal Spray for Allergies
What is Flonase? Learn about the use of Flonase nasal spray to treat allergies, snoring, and obstructive sleep apnea. Consider how it works and what the common and serious side effects are.

Ways to Decrease Anxiety and Improve Sleep
If your sleep is disrupted by stress or worry, you may want to learn about ways that you can improve your insomnia by decreasing anxiety. Learn about three highly effective techniques: scheduled worry time, creating an artificial closure to your day, and preserving a buffer zone before bedtime. With a few simple interventions, you can put your...

Neupro Patch May Relieve Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) Symptoms
What is the Neupro patch?

Nasonex Nasal Spray to Treat Allergies
What is Nasonex?

Astelin Nasal Spray Provides Relief from Allergies
What is Astelin?

What Is ZzzQuil
What is ZzzQuil?

How Can Breathing Exercises Help with Anxiety and Insomnia?
Breathing exercises may help to alleviate anxiety and improve insomnia. How can you use simple breathing techniques to diffuse stress and tension? Consider these simple tips that can give you peace of mind, relieve stress, and ease you into sleep.

Rhinocort Nasal Spray Treats Allergies
What is Rhinocort nasal spray?

How to Get Used to CPAP
For those who are starting treatment for sleep apnea with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), you may ask: How am I supposed to get used to CPAP? Learn how simple relaxation techniques may allow you to make the initial adjustment and use the therapy with greater success.

Afrin Nasal Spray Works as Short-Term Decongestant
What is Afrin nasal spray?

What Is Topamax?
What is Topamax? Learn about this prescription medication, sold under the generic name topiramate, including how it is used to treat sleep eating, seizures, and to prevent migraine headaches. Review some of the most common and serious side effects as well as the required safety monitoring.

Treatment of Sleep Eating
What is the treatment of sleep eating? If identified, the underlying cause should be eliminated. In addition, improving sleep disruption, reducing sleep deprivation, and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea and restless legs syndrome may be helpful. Learn about the various treatment options for sleep eating, including the use of prescription medications.

What Is Rapid Maxillary Expansion?
Obstructive sleep apnea in children may be treated with an orthodontic treatment called rapid maxillary expansion. What is rapid maxillary expansion? How do you know if your child is a candidate for this treatment? Learn about it, including the potential risks as well as adjunctive treatments that may be effective to cure sleep apnea.

Klonopin for Parasomnias
What is Klonopin? Sold under the generic name of clonazepam, Klonopin is a prescription medication that may be useful to treat anxiety, panic attacks, seizures, and sleep disorders called parasomnias. These sleep conditions include periodic limb movements, sleepwalking, and REM behavior disorder. Learn about Klonopin, how it works, and the potential common and serious side effects.

Does the Severity of Sleep Apnea Correlate with the Needed CPAP Pressure?
If you have been prescribed continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to treat your sleep apnea, you may wonder if the pressure setting is based on your severity of apnea. Learn if and how the prescribed setting may be related to the degree of sleep apnea as well as other factors that may be involved.

What Are Ambien's Side Effects?
What are the common and serious side effects associated with the use of Ambien? This commonly prescribed hypnotic medication - also sold as zolpidem, Ambien CR, and Intermezzo - may cause a variety of symptoms. Review some of these side effects of Ambien.

Amantadine for Fatigue in Multiple Sclerosis

Reasons to Avoid the Use of Sleeping Pills

What Is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBTI)?

Why Older People Should Not Use Diphenhydramine to Aid Sleep

How to Reduce Racing Thoughts at Night
Learn what causes racing thoughts as part of insomnia and what you can do to turn off your mind at night, including addressing stress and relaxation techniques.

What Is Zzoma Positional Therapy for Sleep Apnea?
What is Zzoma Positional Therapy for sleep apnea and snoring? Learn about how this device might keep you on your side, breathing and sleeping easier.

Turning the Alarm Clock May Help with Insomnia
If you awaken and check the clock at night, you may benefit from turning your alarm clock to reduce insomnia. Learn how this may help you to sleep.

Can I Use CPAP If I Mouth Breathe?

Use Saline Sprays to Relieve Snoring Caused by Allergies
How can over-the-counter saline sprays help snoring? Learn about their role in treating allergies, dryness, and nasal congestion.

Over-the-Counter Allegra Medication for Allergies
How does Allegra treat allergies and what are the side effects? Learn how this antihistamine might reduce nasal congestion and improve snoring.

Veramyst Nasal Spray for Allergies

Zetonna Nasal Spray for Allergies

Over-the-Counter Claritin Medication for Allergies

Over-the-Counter Nasacort Allergy 24HR Nasal Spray for Allergies

Singulair Oral Prescription Medication for Allergies and Asthma

Over-the-Counter Zyrtec Medication for Allergies

How a Backpack Might Prevent Snoring and Sleep Apnea

Who Should (And Should Not) Use Hetlioz?
Who should (and should not) use Hetlioz to treat insomnia? Learn about the use of this medication to treat Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Disorder.

Hetlioz Treats Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Disorder in Blind People

How Does Hetlioz Compare to Melatonin to Treat Non-24
How does Hetlioz compare to melatonin in the treatment of Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Disorder? Learn about the research and guidelines for treatment.

QNASL Nasal Spray for Allergies
What is QNASL? Learn how this topical steroid spray may be used to treat allergic rhinitis and relieve congestion that contributes to snoring.

What Is the Difference Between CPAP and BiPAP?
What is the difference between CPAP and BIPAP? Learn about the types of machines used to treat sleep apnea, including bilevel, bilevel ST, and auto or adaptive servo ventilation (ASV).

Why You Don't Need Those Sleeping Pills
Learn why you don't need to use sleeping pills to treat insomnia. Consider some of the possible risks and alternatives such as behavioral changes.

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